PLEASE NOTE: THIS SITE IS CURRENTLY BEING RE-DESIGNED. SOME FEATURES MAY NOT BE AVAILABLEThe Historical Society acknowledges and respects the Darug and Gundungurra People, the Traditional Custodians of the area.
Some 55 kilometres inland from the East coast city of Sydney in Australia's most populous state of New South Wales rises an escarpment which, reaching 1030m in altitude at its western boundary on the Great Dividing Range houses one of the largest wilderness areas on the Australian continent.
It was this wild and difficult country which prevented European settlers from moving westward out of the confines of the Sydney Basin on which the first British colony had been established in 1788. Many explorers ,scientists and adventurers had traversed large areas of this wilderness but the first successful east-west crossing by Europeans was not until 1813.
The area comprises a number of conjoined ,protected Parks and Reserves (including the Wollemi, Blue Mountains and Kanangra-Boyd), much of the total area having recently been declared a World Heritage Site, stretching some 260km from north to south and approaching 1million hectares in area.This recognition of ecological distinction was made in respect of the exceptional range of its open eucalyptus forest environment. It is a landscape of scenic grandeur,characterised by picturesque gorges,water-worn valleys and spectacular cliff lines.
On the tracks of those who made the 1813 crossing lies a narrow road and rail transport corridor linking Sydney with the western inland. European settlement has been established close to this corridor with the present population exceeding 70,000.
This settled area and a band of adjacent National Park comprises the City of the Blue Mountains, its municipal status commencing in 1889.The area is one with a rich cultural heritage, not only that brought by European settlers but also that of the original indigenous people who had inhabited the area for over 20,000 years before European arrival. A lively concern for this heritage is reflected in the existence of many active Historical Societies which operate across the City.
The narrow corridor of settlement, well called a City in a National Park, falls naturally into three areas, Upper, Mid and Lower Mountains, each with its grouping of villages.
The Mid Mountains area, with which this website is
concerned is composed of the villages of Bullaburra, Lawson,
Hazelbrook, Woodford and Linden. The geological structures of the
mountains at this point have given clear dividing lines to this area
with narrow entry and exit points allowing little more than a narrow
road/rail corridor between steep escarpments on both sides. As detailed
in the section on pre-European settlement of the area, this has long
been regarded by people being a special place to live. This work
of the Mid Mountains Historical Society is an effort to draw
together the many strands of the history of this area as a
tribute to the Aboriginal and European settlers whose story is told
in what follows.
This web site has been prepared solely for the purpose of providing information about the history of the Mid Blue Mountains region. This web site has been compiled in good faith by Mid Mountains Historical Society Inc. However, no representation is made as to the completeness or accuracy of the information it contains. In particular, you should be aware that this information may be incomplete, may contain errors or may have become out of date. Readers are encouraged to check the information themselves. The Mid Mountains Historical Society Inc. reserves the right to add, modify or delete any information at this web site at any time. This publication and any references to its contents is provided 'as is' without any warranty or implied term or condition of any kind.
The Burra Charter
The Burra Charter provides guidance for the conservation and management of places of cultural significance (cultural heritage places), and is based on the knowledge and experience of Australia ICOMOS members.
General Acknowledgments For This Website
Photographs and information provided by;
Blue Mountains City Library Local Studies Collection
(Springwood Historical Society.)
Dieter Bauer and Jennifer Sattler (Badgerys Attic, Lawson)
Christmas Swamp A History of Lawson. By S.J. Bently. Springwood Historical Society.)